During the last decade, there was an increased interest in the possible link between Domestic Violence and migraines.
Domestic Violence is a pattern of abusive behaviours by one or both partners in a relationship. Domestic violence is a serious and preventable public health problem that affects thousands of South Africans.
In the February 2011 issue of the journal Headache, a magazine in the USA researchers studied a group of young women with migraine in Lima, Peru. Among those women, 47% had been victims of some sort of physical or sexual violence by their spouse or intimate partner, compared with 36% of young women without migraine. After adjusting for other potentially confounding factors, this study found that having been the victim of abuse increased your risk for having migraine by over 40%. If abused women also experienced symptoms of depression, they had over double the risk of having migraine.
What does this study tell us:
- Nearly 2 of 5 women in this study had been abused by an intimate partner.
- Having been abused makes it more likely that you will experience migraines.
- Having been abused and having problems with depression more than doubles your risk of having migraines.
People who were maltreated as children, physically, emotionally, or both also have a higher prevalence of migraine, researchers say. Gretchen E. Tietjen, MD, of the University of Toledo in Ohio, and colleagues reported in three studies in the January issue of Headache: Journal of Head and Face Pain.
“Childhood maltreatment, in particular emotional abuse, is a risk factor for chronic migraine,” the researchers wrote, and the associations between maltreatment and pain “were independent of depression and anxiety, both of which are highly prevalent in this population.”
There is accumulating evidence that childhood maltreatment may lead to a host of chronic conditions and the researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of headache clinic patients with diagnosed migraine from 11 outpatient centers.
They assessed childhood maltreatment via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and took a history of comorbid pain conditions including irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, interstitial cystitis, and arthritis.
The researchers also assessed depression and anxiety.
A total of 1,348 patients completed the surveys: 88% were women, with a mean age of 41.
In the first of the three studies, the researchers confirmed that childhood maltreatment was prevalent in migraineurs.
The prevalence among abuse types was as follows:
- Physical abuse: 21%
- Sexual abuse: 25%
- Emotional abuse: 38%
- Physical neglect: 22%
- Emotional neglect: 38%
In terms of our law a protection order can be obtained at any Magistrates Court, you can get an interim protection order quite quickly by filling in certain forms, and that interim order will specify a date at which the final order will be considered (a return date). Once a final order is made, it is permanent and can only be changed by applying to the courts.
The kinds of protection you can get in a protection order include conditions that:
- Your abuser must not commit any act of domestic abuse.
- Your abuser must pay you rent, mortgage payments or other emergency money.
- The police must seize any firearms or dangerous weapons in your abuser’s possession.
- The police must go with you and help you to collect your personal property.
- Your address must not be given anywhere on the protection order
About the author:
Bertus Preller is a Divorce Attorney in Cape Town and has more than 20 years experience in most sectors of the law and 13 years as a practicing attorney. He specializes in Family law and Divorce Law at Abrahams and Gross Attorneys Inc. in Cape Town. Bertus is also the Family Law expert on Health24.com and on the expert panel of Law24.com and is frequently quoted on Family Law issues in newspapers such as the Sunday Times and Business Times and magazines such as Noseweek, You and Huisgenoot, and also appeared on SABC television on the 3 Talk TV show. His clients include artists, celebrities, sports people and high networth individuals. His areas of expertise are Divorce Law, Family Law, Divorce Mediation, Parenting Plans, Parental Responsibilities and Rights, Custody (care and contact) of children, same sex marriages, unmarried fathers rights, domestic violence matters, international divorce law, digital rights, media law and criminal law.
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